The Protestant Revolution occurred during the 16th and 17th century and was primarily a religious struggle. This revolution began as an attempt to reform the practices of the Catholic Church, especially those which involved the teaching and sale of indulgences. Indulgence was the remission of punishment due for sins which had already been confessed and absolution given. One of the major causes of this reform was corruption within the church, as well as local governments. Citizens were becoming educated and therefore the percent of those literate began to increase. With this, society began to further understand the corruption that was occurring within the church. Citizens were beginning to demand respect from religious officials, where there was prior a lack of. There were several priests who opposed many “false” doctrines within the church, and viewed this as evidence of corruption of the Church’s Roman hierarchy. Martin Luther was a prime contributor for the revolution. He composed a list of issues with the Catholic Church and titled it 95 Theses. After he complete this list, he nailed it to the door of the castle church in Wittneburg. At this point, his blasphemy was made public, which angered officials. In Germany, 1520, Luther publically expressed his personal doubts of the pope’s honesty. His removal from the Catholic Church on January 3rd, 1521, was a major cause for the Protestant Revolution. Like many previous reformations, the main contributor to the Protestant Revolution was corruption among those in authority. Eventually citizens grow weary of the lack of respect and begin to publicly display their thoughts and take action.